Pew Research Center has examined how people think about democracy, trust in institutions, and the role of information in society for more than a decade. In light of current debates about the state of the democratic process and the importance of truth, the Center has further deepened its focus on public attitudes about the role of trust and facts in democracy. This page is a curation of the most relevant content on those topics.
Quiz: How well can you tell factual from opinion statements?
Test your ability to classify 10 news statements as either factual or opinion.
Q&A: Telling the difference between factual and opinion statements in the news
Read a Q&A with Amy Mitchell, director of journalism research at Pew Research Center, on a new report that explores Americans’ ability to distinguish factual news statements from opinions.
Across Western Europe, public news media are widely used and trusted sources of news
In seven Western European countries surveyed, the top main source for news is a public news organization – such as the BBC in the UK, Sveriges Television/Radio (SVT/Radio) in Sweden or ARD in Germany – rather than a private one.
Being Christian in Western Europe
The majority of Europe’s Christians are non-practicing, but they differ from religiously unaffiliated people in their views on God, attitudes toward Muslims and immigrants, and opinions about religion’s role in society.
Fact Sheets: News Media and Political Attitudes in Western Europe
Findings about news media views and habits in Western Europe from a survey about media, political attitudes and populist views in Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
Western Europeans who hold populist views rate the news media less positively than those with non-populist views
Ratings on how well the media perform on several core functions, like investigating the actions of the government and getting the facts right, differ between those who hold populist views and those who do not.
Ideological placement of news outlets in Western Europe
Explore where users of news outlets in eight Western European countries place these outlets on a left-right spectrum, based on their perception of their ideological leanings.
In Western Europe, Public Attitudes Toward News Media More Divided by Populist Views Than Left-Right Ideology
Across eight Western European countries, people with populist leanings have more negative attitudes about the news media than do those with non-populist views.
Few Americans see nation’s political debate as ‘respectful’
Most Americans have negative views of the tone of political debate in their country. And a sizable majority says personal insults are “never fair game” in politics.
Key findings on Americans’ views of the U.S. political system and democracy
How do Americans feel about their own democracy? Read key findings from our recent report on Americans’ views of democracy in America.