A closer look at Jewish identity in Israel and the U.S.
Nearly all Jews in the United States and Israel say they are proud to be Jewish, and strong majorities in both countries say they feel a strong sense of belonging to the Jewish people. But the two Jewish communities do not always agree about what it means to be Jewish.
Unlike U.S., few Jews in Israel identify as Reform or Conservative
The two largest organized Jewish denominations in America – Reform and Conservative Judaism – together have about five times as many U.S. members as the historically much older, more strictly observant Orthodox community. But the Reform and Conservative movements have a far smaller footprint in Israel.
Among Israeli Arabs and Jews, limited optimism about a two-state solution
Public optimism among Israeli Arabs and Jews that a two-state solution is possible may be receding in Israel.
In Israel, Jews are united by homeland but divided into very different groups
There are only about 6 million Jews living in Israel, but there are major religious, social and political chasms that divide them.
7 key findings about religion and politics in Israel
Key takeaways from Pew Research Center’s comprehensive study of religion in Israel, where there are major divisions not only between Jews and Arabs, but also within the major subgroups of Israeli Jews.
Concern for Christians in the Middle East helps drive historic meeting between Catholic, Orthodox leaders
A historic event within global Christianity is set to take place Friday as Pope Francis meets Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill in Cuba – the first-ever meeting between the leaders of the Catholic and Russian Orthodox churches since the Orthodox tradition broke away from Catholicism nearly 1,000 years ago.
The Middle East’s sectarian divide on views of Saudi Arabia, Iran
The tensions between Saudi Arabia and Iran are often characterized as sectarian, and public attitudes toward the two countries in five Middle Eastern nations surveyed bear this out.
U.S. public seldom has welcomed refugees into country
Public opinion data going back to the 1930s shows that generally speaking, Americans oppose large numbers of refugees entering the country.
In nations with significant Muslim populations, much disdain for ISIS
Most people in the countries we surveyed – including 11 countries with significant Muslim populations – had negative views of the Islamic State extremist group as of spring.
African immigrant population in U.S. steadily climbs
African immigrants make up a small share of the U.S. immigrant population, but their numbers are growing – roughly doubling every decade since 1970.