Q&A: Why are women generally more religious than men?
A discussion with David Voas of the Department of Social Science at University College London on the gender gap in religion around the world.
The Gender Gap in Religion Around the World
History’s most influential religious leaders – among them Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Siddhartha Gautama – are usually male. Yet women today are generally more religious than men, particularly among Christians.
Women generally are more religious than men, but not everywhere
Generally, women are more likely than men to be affiliated with a religious organization; women also pray more, and are more inclined to say religion is “very important” in their lives.
Strong global support for gender equality, especially among women
Gender equality is among the most widely accepted democratic principles around the world.
Women relatively rare in top positions of religious leadership
We looked at nine major religious organizations in the U.S. that both ordain women and allow them to hold top leadership slots.
Religious groups’ policies on transgender members vary widely
Religious institutions are starting to formally address the participation of transgender people in their congregations, much as they have with the issue of accepting homosexuals.
Women, more than men, say climate change will harm them personally
In wealthier nations, women are more likely than men to consider climate change a serious problem, be concerned it will harm them personally and say that major lifestyle changes are needed to solve the problem.
Without one-child policy, China still might not see baby boom, gender balance
China’s rapid economic development, its urbanization and its culture will continue to play a role in family size and the population’s gender makeup.
In China, 1980 marked a generational turning point
The roughly 47% of the population today who were born under the one-child policy lived through a very different China than those born before.
Record share of young women are living with their parents, relatives
A larger share of young women live at home with their parents or other relatives than at any point since 1940, as more attend college and marry later in life.