See the latest Pew Research Center reports, data and interactive features on gay marriage and homosexuality, including public opinion, changing legal status and religious groups’ views.
How many same-sex married couples in the U.S.? Maybe 170,000
A new research paper suggests that the number of married same-sex couples in the United States in 2013 may have been much lower than the Census Bureau’s initial estimate for that year.
Where Europe stands on gay marriage and civil unions
Ireland is the 14th European nation to change its laws to allow gay and lesbian couples to wed.
Record Support for Same-Sex Marriage
Public support for allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally continues its rapid rise: A 57% majority of Americans now favor allowing same-sex marriage, up from 42% just five years ago.
Lesbian, gay and bisexual Americans differ from general public in their religious affiliations
A majority of LGB adults are religiously affiliated, but they are much less likely to be Christian than the general public and are more drawn to smaller, non-Christian denominations.
Among transgender adults, stories about a ‘difficult’ transition
For many, being transgender is a core part of their overall identity, even if they may not widely share this fact about themselves with many people in their lives.
Americans split over whether businesses must serve same-sex couples
A new Indiana religious freedom law has sparked national debate. Some say it strengthens protection of religious liberty, while others say it could provide legal cover for businesses to discriminate. The U.S. public is divided over these types of issues.
Americans are still divided on why people are gay
Four-in-ten Americans said being gay or lesbian is “just the way some choose to live,” while a similar share said that “people are born gay or lesbian.”
Among LGBT Americans, bisexuals stand out when it comes to identity, acceptance
Compared with gay men and lesbians, bisexuals have a different perspective on their sexual orientation and a distinct set of experiences, a Pew Research survey found.
Same-Sex Marriage State-by-State
To date, courts, legislatures and voters have legalized gay marriage in 37 states and the District of Columbia, while 13 states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage. This interactive shows the change in each state’s policy over time.
What LGBT Americans think of same-sex marriage
Nearly all LGBT Americans support same-sex marriage, but enthusiasm for this new legal change now under review by the U.S. Supreme Court isn’t as uniform as one might think.