Pew Research Center reports, data and interactive features on gay marriage and homosexuality, including public opinion, changing legal status and religious groups’ views.
Slideshow: Changing Attitudes on Gay Marriage
In 2001, Americans opposed same-sex marriage by a 57% to 35% margin. Today, there is more support for same-sex marriage than opposition to it. Combined data from two 2013 polls show 50% of Americans in favor and 43% opposed.
Same-Sex Marriage State-by-State
To date, courts, legislatures and voters have legalized gay marriage in 37 states and the District of Columbia, while 13 states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage. This interactive shows the change in each state’s policy over time.
Gay Marriage Around the World
On Feb. 12, the French National Assembly is expected to pass a measure legalizing same-sex marriage. Although the bill still needs to win the approval of the French Senate and be signed by the president, it is expected to become law as soon as May 2013.
Where Christian churches, other religions stand on gay marriage
In the last two decades, several religious groups have moved to allow same-sex couples to marry within their traditions.
Both Sides See Gay Marriage as ’Inevitable’
As support for gay marriage continues to increase, nearly three-quarters of Americans say that legal recognition of same-sex marriage is inevitable, including majorities on both sides of the issue.
Global Views on Morality
The Pew Research Center’s 2013 Global Attitudes survey asked 40,117 respondents in 40 countries what they thought about eight topics often discussed as moral issues. Use this interactive to explore the median responses for each question across the 40 countries.
All Publications from this Topic
Among transgender adults, stories about a ‘difficult’ transition
For many, being transgender is a core part of their overall identity, even if they may not widely share this fact about themselves with many people in their lives.
5 facts about same-sex marriage
There has been a dramatic shift in recent years in Americans’ attitudes about gay marriage.
Americans split over whether businesses must serve same-sex couples
A new Indiana religious freedom law has sparked national debate. Some say it strengthens protection of religious liberty, while others say it could provide legal cover for businesses to discriminate. The U.S. public is divided over these types of issues.
Americans are still divided on why people are gay
Four-in-ten Americans said being gay or lesbian is “just the way some choose to live,” while a similar share said that “people are born gay or lesbian.”
Among LGBT Americans, bisexuals stand out when it comes to identity, acceptance
Compared with gay men and lesbians, bisexuals have a different perspective on their sexual orientation and a distinct set of experiences, a Pew Research survey found.
What LGBT Americans think of same-sex marriage
Nearly all LGBT Americans support same-sex marriage, but enthusiasm for this new legal change now under review by the U.S. Supreme Court isn’t as uniform as one might think.
2015 is shaping up to be a significant year for religion at the Supreme Court
Here’s a rundown of the Supreme Court’s busy docket, which includes cases on the ACA’s contraception mandate, religion in the workplace, same-sex marriage and the death penalty.
Young U.S. Catholics overwhelmingly accepting of homosexuality
The Roman Catholic Church signaled a more accepting stance toward gay people in a report bishops released during the Vatican’s synod on the family this week, a position already embraced by a majority of American Catholics, particularly younger adults.
Gay marriage arrives in the South, where the public is less enthused
Nationwide, 52% of Americans support gay marriage. In the South, 44% of people support gay marriage – well below the East (61%), West (58%) and Midwest (52%).
Blacks are lukewarm to gay marriage, but most say businesses must provide wedding services to gay couples
African Americans remain less likely than white Americans to support same-sex marriage, as has been the case for several years. But at the same time, a new Pew Research Center survey finds that a majority of blacks – a significantly bigger share than among whites – say that wedding-related businesses, such as caterers or florists, […]