Neil G. Ruiz is associate director of global migration and demography at Pew Research Center. He studies the international movement of people across borders, the impact of migration on sending and receiving countries, high-skilled immigration to the U.S., and comparative immigrant visa systems. Prior to joining the Center, Ruiz was the executive director of the Center for Law, Economics & Finance at George Washington University, and he has also worked as a migration expert at the Brookings Institution, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. He received his doctorate in political science with a specialization in political economy from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a master’s degree in economic history from Oxford University. Ruiz regularly speaks about U.S. immigration and international migration research with major print and broadcast media.
4 paths highly educated immigrants take to study and work in the U.S.
Here’s a brief overview of four paths that many highly educated immigrants take to study and work in the U.S.: the H-1B visa program, the F-1 visa program, the Optional Practical Training program and green cards.
Majority of U.S. Public Supports High-Skilled Immigration
Many Americans support encouraging high-skilled immigration into the United States. But the U.S. trails other economically advanced nations in its share of immigrants with high skills.
Number of foreign college graduates staying in U.S. to work climbed again in 2017, but growth has slowed
A record 276,500 foreign graduates received work permits under the Optional Practical Training program in the U.S. in 2017, up from 257,100 in 2016.
Where do foreign student graduates work in the United States?
Explore the movement of international graduates in the 61 metro areas where at least 5,000 foreign graduates applied and were approved for OPT.
Number of Foreign College Students Staying and Working in U.S. After Graduation Surges
The federal Optional Practical Training program saw a 400% increase in foreign students graduating and working in STEM fields between 2008 and 2016.
East Coast and Texas metros had the most H-1B visas for skilled workers from 2010 to 2016
The employment of high-skilled foreign workers with H-1B visas centered in large East Coast and Texas metro areas in fiscal 2010-2016.
New foreign student enrollment at U.S. colleges and universities doubled since Great Recession
Nearly 364,000 foreign students with F-1 visas were newly enrolled at a U.S. college or university in 2016, double the number at the outset of the Great Recession, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement data obtained through a public records request. From 2008 to 2016, the number of […]
Key facts about Asian Americans, a diverse and growing population
A record 20 million Asian Americans trace their roots to more than 20 countries in East and Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent.
Salaries have risen for high-skilled foreign workers in U.S. on H-1B visas
U.S. employers planned to pay high-skilled foreign workers with H-1B visas a median salary of $80,000 a year in fiscal year 2016.
More than half of new green cards go to people already living in the U.S.
About a million immigrants receive U.S. green cards each year, but fewer than half are new arrivals from other countries. The majority already live in the United States on temporary visas.