This year may prove to be a pivotal one in U.S.-Japan relations, a time to take the temperature of the current bilateral relationship and to consider its future in a world that is increasingly Asia-centric.
Washington and Tokyo are key participants in an unprecedented effort to broaden and deepen trade and investment among Pacific Rim countries that account for more than a third of the world’s gross domestic product. The United States is explicitly rebalancing its strategic orientation toward Asia, while Japan is debating its future role in collective security. And both countries face a rising challenge from China. How the American and Japanese people see these issues may go a long way toward framing the future relationship of these onetime adversaries and longtime allies.
In a new report, Pew Research Center examines how the people of the U.S. and Japan see the other nation’s role in the world. Here are five facts to help understand this sometimes complex relationship. Read More →
Category: 5 Facts
The global Christian population has been shifting southward for at least a century and is expected to continue to do so over the next four decades, according to new demographic projections from the Pew Research Center. Overall, the share of Christians in the world is expected to remain flat. But Europe’s share of the the world’s Christians will continue to decline while sub-Saharan Africa’s will increase dramatically.
Nearly half of the world’s Christians already reside in Africa and the Latin America-Caribbean region. By 2050, according to the Pew Research study, those two regions will be home to more than six-in-ten of the world’s followers of Jesus, with just a quarter of Christians living in Europe and North America.
More than any other state, Hawaii stands out when it comes to its racial and ethnic diversity. The Rainbow State has never had a white majority. In fact, non-Hispanic whites, the largest group in most states, account for only 23% of the population, according to 2013 census figures.
Asians, a category that includes Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai and Filipino immigrants whose ancestors once worked on the islands’ sugar cane and pineapple fields, are collectively the largest group at 37%. Read More →
On social media, hashtags have long been used as a shorthand way of organizing a conversation around an event or topic. One widely used hashtag over the past year is #Ferguson, which started after the police shooting of an unarmed black man in Ferguson, Mo., and has since become a kind of connective tissue for the massive number of social media posts about the event and what it has come to represent.
In a new analysis of the #Ferguson hashtag on Twitter and Instagram, Pew Research Center has found some striking differences between the two social media platforms in how people use the hashtag and direct the conversation.
On Twitter, which quickly became a source of information about the Michael Brown shooting last August, usage of the hashtag #Ferguson has primarily focused on the discussion about Brown, the ensuing protests and the authorities’ response. Read More →
For years, the percentage of Americans who do not identify with any religion has been rising, a trend similar to what has been happening in much of Europe (including the United Kingdom). Despite this trend, in coming decades, the global share of religiously unaffiliated people is expected to fall, according to the Pew Research Center’s new study on the future of world religion.
To be clear, the total number of religiously unaffiliated people (which includes atheists, agnostics and those who say they have no particular religion on censuses and surveys) is expected to rise, from 1.1 billion in 2010 to 1.2 billion in 2050. But this growth is projected to occur at the same time that other religious groups – and the global population overall – are growing faster. Read More →
What will the world’s religious landscape look like a few decades from now? A new Pew Research Center study attempts to answer that question by projecting the changing size of eight major global religious groups through the year 2050 based on a variety of demographic factors.
The study uses data from 198 countries and territories on fertility, age composition and life expectancy. It also looks at rates of religious switching – where data is available – and migration between countries, and puts all of these factors together to provide the best estimates for the future.
This week marks a new experimental milestone for Pew Research Center: We’ve released our first report using survey findings collected with mobile software applications, or “apps.”
The rise of apps in an increasingly mobile world is a major social, political and economic story that we have been documenting for years. As researchers, we’ve felt for some time that apps hold a lot of promise for data collection. Not only could apps-based surveys potentially make surveys more “mobile friendly,” but they might also allow people to provide different kinds of information that is sometimes difficult to gather in traditional phone surveys, such as location data or exactly when people use certain smartphone features.
Yet little work has been done by social science researchers examining whether apps are a viable survey tool. And we were unable to find any research comparing app-based surveys with polls administered through Web browsers. We used an app that enabled people to take our surveys on their smartphone or tablet, even when the phone is not connected to the internet. We also allowed people to take the survey using any Web browser, including a smartphone, tablet, laptop or desktop, but that required an internet connection. Our new, experimental work compared the results of these two modes, and what we found is fascinating.
Here’s what we did: Read More →
A recent study, published in the April 2015 issue of the Journal of Marriage and Family, suggests that kids’ academic and emotional well-being is not necessarily contingent on the amount of time they spend with their mothers. The takeaway for some commentators: It’s time for busy moms to let go of the guilt they feel about not spending enough time with their kids.
It turns out today’s working fathers are just as likely as working mothers to say that finding the right balance between their job and their family life is a challenge for them, Pew Research Center has found. Fully half of working dads say it’s difficult for them to balance these competing responsibilities; 56% of working moms say the same. And about the same share of working dads (34%) and moms (40%) say they “always feel rushed” in their day-to-day lives.
Smartphones have become an important way for Americans to communicate, go online, and access and share information. A new Pew Research Center report analyzes smartphone ownership and the attitudes and behaviors of smartphone owners, as well as how these mobile devices have become a primary way for some users to access the internet.
Here are six key findings from the report:
1The share of Americans who own a smartphone has substantially increased since 2011, when Pew Research first began examining smartphone adoption. Today, nearly two-thirds (64%) of U.S. adults own a smartphone, up from 35% in 2011. Younger adults as well as those who are more affluent and have higher levels of education are among the most likely groups to own a smartphone.
2Some smartphone owners – particularly younger adults, minorities and lower-income Americans – depend on their smartphone for internet access. Of U.S. adults who own a smartphone, 7% are “smartphone-dependent,” meaning that they do not have home broadband service and have limited options for going online other than their mobile device. Young adults, ages 18-29, are more likely (15%) than other age groups to be smartphone-dependent, while Latinos (13%) and African Americans (12%) are more heavily dependent on their smartphone for internet access than are whites (4%). Lower-income Americans also rely heavily on smartphones for going online – 13% of U.S. adults with an annual household income of less than $30,000 are smartphone-dependent, compared with 1% of those whose family household income is $75,000 or more. Read More →
Category: 5 Facts
The U.S. Supreme Court last week revived a previously dismissed case that looks at whether, and under what circumstances, employers should provide accommodations to pregnant employees who are “similar in their ability or inability to work” to other employees with other medical conditions.
The case involves Peggy Young, who filed a discrimination lawsuit against UPS, her former employer. Young, who at the time worked as a part-time driver, was told to avoid heavy lifting while pregnant. UPS refused to give her lighter duties and placed her on unpaid leave. In 2008, she sued, citing the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978.
Young’s situation of working while pregnant is much more common today than it was before the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. Among women who had their first child in the early 1960s, just 44% worked at all during pregnancy. The likelihood that an American woman would work while pregnant increased dramatically through the 1960s and 1970s, and by the late 1980s, 67% of women pregnant with their first child remained on the job. Those rates have leveled off since then, and the latest figures show that 66% of mothers who gave birth to their first child between 2006 and 2008 worked during their pregnancy, according to Census Bureau data. Read More →