May 11, 2015 10:05 am

Millennials surpass Gen Xers as the largest generation in U.S. labor force

U.S. Labor Force by Generation, 1995-2015

More than one-in-three American workers today are Millennials (adults ages 18 to 34 in 2015), and this year they surpassed Generation X to become the largest share of the American workforce, according to new Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data. Read More

Topics: Generations and Age, Millennials, Work and Employment

May 8, 2015 12:47 pm

For young Americans, unemployment returns to pre-recession levels

Young People Make Large Share of Unemployed

At 5.4%, April’s seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was the lowest it’s been in seven years, though essentially unchanged from March, according to Friday’s jobs report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That’s a 4.6-percentage-point drop since October 2009, when it peaked at 10%. No doubt, this trend should be good news for job seekers.

But if you’re a teenager or young adult, you’re much less likely to have seen significant job market improvement compared with older adults. Our analysis of the latest employment data finds that last month, more than half (50.9%) of the nation’s nearly 8 million unemployed people are between the ages of 16 and 34 – even though that group makes up just over a third of the civilian labor force. Read More

Topics: Economic Recession, Generations and Age, National Economy, Work and Employment

May 8, 2015 7:00 am

Americans’ ideal family size is smaller than it used to be

Half of Americans Say Two Children is the Ideal

Half of Americans (48%) say two is the ideal number of children for a family to have, reflecting a decades-long preference for a smaller family over a larger one.

But that hasn’t always been the case, according to Gallup. In 1971, there was a shift in attitudes, as Americans’ “ideal” family switched from four kids (19%) to two kids (38%), with a mean saying 2.9 kids was ideal. Back in 1936, the mean ideal number of kids was 3.6, with 22% saying four children; 32% saying three children; and another 32% saying two children. Fast-forward from the 1930s to 2013, the most recent data available, and you get a different picture, with 2.6 as the mean ideal. Read More

Topics: Birth Rate and Fertility, Education, Family and Relationships, Family Roles, Household and Family Structure, Social Values

May 7, 2015 2:02 pm

On UK elections, the talk on Twitter is largely negative

Today, United Kingdom residents head to the polls in a very close race in which the U.K.’s power players will be determined, with smaller parties expected to make big gains.

Most Parties in the UK Receive Negative Twitter ViewsBut what, if anything, about the election could be gleaned from Twitter? A new Pew Research Center analysis of the months leading up to election day finds that four of the six parties received more negative commentary than positive. Just one party studied – the Greens – enjoyed mostly positive comments, according to an analysis of more than 13 million English-language tweets between March 30 and May 3. The balance of sentiment only changed slightly in the final full week leading up to the election.

Both the Conservative Party and the Labour Party, which have dominated the political scene for over a century, are competing to secure the majority in the House of Commons. But smaller parties that have gained public support are also likely to gain seats.

Read More

Topics: Europe, Internet Activities, Social Media, World Elections

May 7, 2015 7:00 am

5 key takeaways about the U.S.-German relationship

May 8 is the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe. Although Americans and Germans were adversaries in that war, during the Cold War they became allies; today, they remain close strategic partners in NATO and have formed deep trade and investment ties. But a new Pew Research Center survey, conducted in association with the Bertelsmann Foundation, finds the relationship facing new challenges: shared beliefs that their countries should concentrate on their own problems rather than problems abroad; differences over Germany’s future military burden sharing; and disagreements on an EU-U.S. trade deal.

Important Events in U.S.-German Relations

Read More

Topics: Bilateral Relations, Globalization and Trade, International Threats and Allies, World Economies

May 6, 2015 9:55 am

5 facts about prayer

55% of Americans Say They Pray Every Day

May 7 is the National Day of Prayer, on which presidents annually proclaim that “the people of the United States may turn to God in prayer and meditation at churches, in groups, and as individuals.” The day has spawned a rival National Day of Reason on the same day, started by humanist groups and other opponents of the National Day of Prayer.

Here are five facts about prayer, including survey data on Americans’ prayer habits and historical instances of prayer intersecting with the government: Read More

Category: 5 Facts

Topics: Religion and Government, Religion and Society, Religion and U.S. Politics, Religious Beliefs and Practices

May 6, 2015 7:00 am

U.S. voter turnout trails most developed countries

By International Standards, U.S. Voter Turnout is Low

Country % of voting age population % of registered voters
Belgium (2014)* 87.2% 89.4%
Turkey (2011)* 86.4% 87.2%
Sweden (2014) 82.6% 85.8%
Denmark (2011) 81.8% 87.7%
Australia (2013)* 80.5% 93.2%
South Korea (2012) 80.4% 75.8%
Iceland (2013) 80.0% 81.4%
Norway (2013) 77.9% 78.2%
Israel (2015) 76.1% 72.3%
New Zealand (2014) 73.2% 77.9%
Finland (2015) 73.1% 66.9%
Greece (2015)* 71.9% 63.6%
France (2012) 71.2% 80.4%
Netherlands (2012) 71.0% 74.6%
Austria (2013) 69.3% 74.9%
Italy (2013) 68.5% 75.2%
Germany (2013) 66.0% 71.5%
Mexico (2012)* 64.6% 63.1%
Ireland (2011) 63.8% 69.9%
Hungary (2014) 63.4% 61.8%
Spain (2011) 63.3% 68.9%
U.K. (2010) 61.1% 65.8%
Czech Republic (2013) 60.0% 59.5%
Slovakia (2012) 57.8% 59.1%
Portugal (2011) 56.6% 58.9%
Luxembourg (2013)* 55.1% 91.1%
Estonia (2015) 54.7% 64.2%
Poland (2010) 54.5% 55.3%
Canada (2011) 54.2% 61.1%
Slovenia (2014) 54.1% 51.7%
UNITED STATES (2012) 53.6% 84.3%
Japan (2014) 52.0% 52.7%
Chile (2013) 45.7% 42.0%
Switzerland (2011) 40.0% 49.1%

Pew Research Center

On Thursday, voters in the United Kingdom will elect a new Parliament, continuing a busy electoral calendar in Europe and elsewhere around the world. Greece, Israel, Finland and Estonia are among the countries that already have held national elections this year. Poland, Mexico, Turkey and Canada have big national elections scheduled in the coming weeks and months. And in the U.S., the 2016 presidential election campaign already is starting to take shape.

All that electoral activity got us wondering: How does voter turnout in the U.S., regularly decried as dismal, compare with other developed democracies? As is so often the case, the answer is a lot more complicated than the question. Read More

Topics: Elections and Campaigns, World Elections

Apr 30, 2015 12:00 pm

Racial and ethnic differences in how people use mobile technology

For many years, researchers have studied the “digital divide” by examining the gap between those who have access to digital technology and those who don’t. But as these gaps have narrowed over time, another set of contrasts has emerged when it comes to the ways different demographic groups use technology.

African Americans and Latinos Rely Heavily on Smartphones for Health Info, Educational Content, Job SeekingAlthough whites, blacks and Hispanics have similar rates of smartphone ownership, minorities tend to rely more heavily on their phone for internet access, according to Pew Research Center’s recent report on smartphone adoption. Some 13% of Hispanics and 12% of blacks are smartphone-dependent, meaning they don’t have a broadband connection at home and have few options for going online other than their cellphone. In comparison, only 4% of white smartphone owners rely heavily on their cellphone for online access.

Blacks and Hispanics reach for their phones more often than whites when it comes to looking up information about health conditions, jobs or educational content. However, there is little difference between these groups in using phones for online banking or getting information about real estate or government services. Read More

Topics: Internet Activities, Mobile, Race and Ethnicity

Apr 30, 2015 10:26 am

40 years after fall of Saigon, Vietnamese see U.S. as key ally

Fall of Saigon
North Vietnamese tanks invade the Doc Lap Palace on April 30, 1975. (Herve Gloaguen/Gamma-Rapho via Getty Images)

This week marks the 40th anniversary of the fall of Saigon, a national holiday in Vietnam better known as Liberation Day. The event signified the end of the Vietnam War, culminating with a North Vietnamese army tank bulldozing through the gates of the Reunification Palace – the residence of the president of South Vietnam – and major helicopter evacuations of American military personnel and Vietnamese citizens. Read More

Topics: Asia and the Pacific, International Threats and Allies, U.S. Global Image and Anti-Americanism, Wars and International Conflicts

Apr 29, 2015 12:00 pm

For vast majority of seniors who own one, a smartphone equals ‘freedom’

Smartphone AttitudesWhen it comes to tech adoption, seniors generally lag behind their younger counterparts. But for Americans ages 65 and older who own a smartphone, having one in their pocket is a liberating experience.

Asked if they feel that their phone represents “freedom” or “a leash,” 82% of smartphone-owning seniors described their phone as freeing, compared with 64% of those ages 18 to 29. By contrast, 36% of adult smartphone owners under the age of 30 described their phone as a leash, double the 18% of adults ages 65 and older who chose this term to describe their phone.

Similarly, when asked to describe their smartphone as “connecting” or “distracting,” older users are significantly more likely to choose “connecting” as the best descriptor. On the other hand, younger smartphone users are twice as likely as older adults to view their phone as “distracting” (37% vs. 18%). Read More

Topics: Internet Activities, Technology Adoption