In 2011, about 3 million U.S. children were living with and being primarily cared for by a grandparent.
Hard times can act to bring families together, and the Great Recession of 2007-09 was no different: The number of children living with a grandparent surged after the onset of the recession, as did the number of children whose primary caregiver was that grandparent.
A Pew Research Center analysis of Census data found that 7.7 million U.S. children — about 10% of all children in the country — were living in the same household as at least one of their grandparents in 2011, and for 3 million that grandparent also was their primary caregiver. Both trends stabilized at higher level after the recession’s official end in mid-2009.
In most cases (71%), grandchildren living with a grandparent are actually living in the grandparent’s household. This share rises to 94% among those children who are also being cared for primarily by a grandparent.
But living with or being cared for by a grandparent doesn’t mean parents are out of the picture: In 80% of cases where children are living with a grandparent, at least one of the child’s parents also is in the household. And in more than half of the cases where children are both living with a grandparent and being cared for primarily by that grandparent, at least one of the child’s parents is also present.
Rather, these new multigenerational households likely are a byproduct of people losing their jobs, homes or both during the downturn. That shouldn’t perhaps come as much of a surprise: A previous Pew Research analysis found recent increases in the share of young adults living in their parents’ homes; another Pew Research study documented general increases in multi-generational households, and other researchers have pointed to increases in cohabitation that have occurred in recent years as well.
Category: Daily Number
As the United States and the international community decide how to respond to the ongoing crisis in Syria, Russian President Vladimir Putin has not been shy about expressing his opinion. Last week, Putin addressed the American public directly with an op-ed in The New York Times explaining his reasons for opposing U.S. military action against the Syrian regime. But the Russian leader also touched on worries within his own borders.
“Mercenaries from Arab countries fighting [in Syria], and hundreds of militants from Western countries and even Russia, are an issue of our deep concern,” Putin wrote. “Might they not return to our countries with experience acquired in Syria?”
According to the Pew Research Center’s 2012 Global Religious Landscape report, there are about 14 million Muslims in Russia, comprising about 10% of the country’s population. A significant share of Russian Muslims live in Dagestan, Chechnya and other parts of the North Caucasus region, and some Islamic militants from that area have reportedly joined the fighting in Syria. Read More →
Topics: Religious Extremism
More dads than ever before—roughly 550,000 in the past decade and counting—are staying home full-time with their children. Compared with stay-at-home moms, these full-time fathers are older, less educated than their spouses and their households have significantly lower incomes, according to a new study of family structure and work trends to be published in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Family Issues.
About 550,000 men were stay-at-home dads in the past decade. Together they comprised about 3.5% of all married couples with children where at least one spouse had a paid full-time job. That’s about double the number in the 1970s when roughly 280,000 men—about 2% of the total—stayed home with the kids, and the number of full-time caregiving dads is expected to continue to increase, according to an analysis of government data by a research team headed by University of Illinois sociologist Karen Z. Kramer. Read More →
Category: Social Studies
Once again, a mass shooting is a focus of public attention after a gunman killed 12 people on Monday at the Washington D.C. Navy Yard where the Naval Sea Systems Command Headquarters is based. The shooter, identified as Aaron Alexis, was killed in a firefight with police. As with such incidents at a school in Newton, Conn. last year, and earlier ones in Aurora, Colo., Tucson, Ariz. and Virginia Tech, the outbreak of firearm violence was the focus of intensive news coverage.
While there have been a string of mass shootings over the past two years that have grabbed the public’s attention, they represent a relatively small share of firearm homicides. In the period from 1983 to 2012, there were 78 public mass shootings in the U.S. resulting in 547 deaths and injuring 476 people, according to a Congressional Research Service report. The report defined “public mass shootings” as those that happen in public places, claim at least four victims and have a “somewhat indiscriminate” choice of victims.
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National Hispanic Heritage Month runs from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15, a period chosen because it bookends the independence days of five Central American nations (Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Costa Rica, Sept. 15), Mexico (Sept. 16) and Chile (Sept. 18), as well as Columbus Day/Dia de la Raza (Oct. 14 this year in the United States). In honor of the event, here are five key facts about U.S. Hispanics:
Geography: Although there’s been some dispersion in recent years, the Hispanic population remains highly concentrated. More than half (55%) of the nation’s Hispanics live in just three states — California, Texas and Florida — and 71% live in just 100 of the nation’s 3,143 counties and county-equivalents. Read More →
Category: 5 Facts
Topics: Hispanic/Latino Demography
The share of Republicans who say government regulation of financial institutions has gone too far is 38 percentage points higher than Democrats.
Government regulation of business is one of the nation’s most politically-divisive issues. Since 1987, a majority of Americans have agreed with the statement that “government regulation of business usually does more harm than good,” according to the Pew Research Center’s political values surveys. But within that number, there has been a growing partisan divide since the election of President Obama. By 2012, 76% of Republicans said government regulation did more harm than good compared to 41% of Democrats. Read More →
Category: Daily Number
This past weekend, for the first time in its history, the Miss America pageant crowned an Indian American as the winner. The announcement was followed by a barrage of tweets disparaging the beauty queen’s ethnic heritage and questioning whether her Indian background makes her less “American.”
The new Miss America is 24-year-old Nina Davuluri of Fayetteville, N.Y. Her parents emigrated from India 30 years ago. Davuluri, who is a graduate of the University of Michigan, plans to attend medical school and become a physician, like her father.
The Indian American community, now numbering more than 3 million, has notably high rates of education. According to the American Community Survey, seven-in-ten Indian Americans ages 25 and older have a college degree, compared with 28% of the general population. A Pew Research Center survey of Asian Americans conducted in 2012 found that a majority of first-generation (foreign-born) Indian Americans (71%) cite educational or economic opportunities as the main reason they decided to move to the United States.
The survey also found that few Indian Americans (10%) say discrimination against their community is a major problem. Nearly half (48%) see discrimination as a minor problem, while 38% say it is not a problem at all. When asked about their personal experiences with discrimination, most Indian Americans (81%) say they have not been treated unfairly because of their national origin, but nearly a fifth (18%) say they have faced discrimination. And while a large majority of Indian Americans (90%) say they have not been called offensive names, 10% say they have had that experience.
Topics: Discrimination and Prejudice
Numerous studies have shown that people who are religious are happier in life. Now, a new study has found those who believe in God with no doubts are more likely to strongly disagree with the idea that life does not have meaning.
Stephen Cranney of the Population Studies Center at the University of Pennsylvania recently conducted the first large scale study that empirically tests the association between belief in God and feeling a sense of purpose in life. Read More →
Category: Social Studies
About half of Americans believe it is essential for the president and Congress to enact major immigration legislation this year.
Four of the issues that President Obama mentioned prominently in his State of the Union address included dealing with the deficit, overhauling immigration policy, pushing through major gun legislation and tackling climate change.
Earlier this year, there was significant movement on immigration, with the Senate voting 68-to-32 in June to pass a comprehensive bill that would provide a path to citizenship for immigrants in the U.S. illegally and additional spending to tighten the nation’s borders. The bill always faced tough sledding in the Republican-controlled House, but now, with the challenge of Syria on the front-burner as well as a looming fight over the debt ceiling and other budget issues, further action may be pushed back, if it happens at all.
Category: Daily Number
On March 21, 2006, Twitter founder Jack Dorsey (@jack) sent the first Tweet. Since then, Twitter has amassed more than 200 million active users who create more than 400 million Tweets each day, according to Twitter.
Now, after seven years of growth, Twitter said yesterday that it has submitted preliminary paperwork for an initial public offering, an announcement that recalled another major public offering by a top company in the social media realm—that of Facebook, in May 2012.