Several television news organizations are relying on a significant amount of amateur news footage in their broadcasts, but a new report reveals that they rarely credit the citizen journalists who actually produce it.
The study from Columbia University’s Tow Center for Digital Journalism examined the handling of user-generated content (UGC) at eight international television networks and their websites. And at a time when ordinary citizens are increasingly functioning as on-scene reporters, nearly three-quarters (72%) of that amateur content that aired on these television outlets was not identified as such. An even higher proportion of on-air footage from amateur journalists—84%—did not have an on-screen credit identifying the source of the material.
This analysis of how news organizations use footage gathered by amateur journalists examined more than 1,100 hours of TV news footage and more than 2,200 Web pages on the eight major global TV networks over a 21-day period in November-December 2013. They included Al Jazeera (Arabic and English), BBC World, CNN International, euronews, France 24, NHK World and Telesur. Unlabeled content was identified as such by researchers through cross-referencing on social media and news agencies, as well as on-screen indicators such as camera skill and production values.
In the period studied, the practice of crediting amateur news content—naming the person who produced the footage—differed significantly by outlet. Researchers said CNN International credited 53% of these outside contributions on its air, the highest percentage of any outlet. Conversely, only 9% of the citizen content on BBC World was credited while that number dipped to 1% on France 24. Read More →
Generation X has a gripe with pulse takers, zeitgeist keepers and population counters. We keep squeezing them out of the frame.
This overlooked generation currently ranges in age from 34 to 49, which may be one reason they’re so often missing from stories about demographic, social and political change. They’re smack in the middle innings of life, which tend to be short on drama and scant of theme.
But there are other explanations that have nothing to do with their stage of the life cycle.
Gen Xers are bookended by two much larger generations – the Baby Boomers ahead and the Millennials behind – that are strikingly different from one another. And in most of the ways we take stock of generations – their racial and ethnic makeup; their political, social and religious values; their economic and educational circumstances; their technology usage – Gen Xers are a low-slung, straight-line bridge between two noisy behemoths.
The charts below tell the tale. Read More →
The Census Bureau’s recent report on characteristics of newly built housing reveals lots of interesting regional variations, beyond the widely reported fact that median square footage of single-family homes has resumed its pre-housing crash climb.
For one, housing hasn’t grown evenly in all regions of the country. New homes are largest in the South, where the median floor area last year was 2,469 square feet; they’re smallest in the Midwest, at a median 2,177 square feet. (The median for the whole country is 2,384 square feet.) But over the past four decades, home size has grown the most in the Northeast: The median floor area of a new home there was 61% above the corresponding median in 1973.
Last year, according to the Census data, fully a third of all newly completed houses in the South were 3,000 square feet or more; in 1999, which is as far back as the report goes, just 18% of new Southern homes were that big. Read More →
Two years ago, the Census Bureau announced the nation had reached a new demographic tipping point: The share of U.S. babies who were a racial or ethnic minority had edged past the 50% mark for the first time. The finding was widely covered as a dramatic illustration of the agency’s projections that the U.S. will become a majority-minority nation within three decades.
But that tipping point may not have arrived yet, according to preliminary 2013 birth data released last week by the National Center for Health Statistics. The center’s numbers indicate that non-Hispanic white mothers still account for 54% of births—as they had in 2012 and 2011. Read More →
Ukraine will be at the top of the agenda when the leaders of the G7 advanced economies meet later this week in Brussels. Their deliberations are likely to focus on what their governments – Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States – can do to bolster the newly elected Ukrainian government in the face of continued violence by pro-Russian sympathizers within the country. But the effectiveness of any such Western aid may depend on fundamental reform of the Ukrainian economy, which is mired in recession. Read More →
Twenty-five years ago, weeks of student led, pro-democracy demonstrations in China ended when tanks rolled in to Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989. Thousands were arrested, and estimates of the death toll range from several hundred to several thousand.
At the time, America’s relationship with China was very different than it is today. Before that event, the American public generally had a favorable view of China, and as the Tiananmen protests unfolded, most Americans wanted to show support for the pro-democracy movement. But in the years since, economic ties and economic competition have become the dominant topics between the two nations, while at the same time the relationship has become more distrustful. Read More →
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who is running for re-election Tuesday, June 3, can be thankful his neighbors do not get to vote. Strong majorities of the publics in Egypt, Israel, Jordan, the Palestinian territories, Tunisia and Turkey and half the public in Lebanon voice a very unfavorable view of the embattled Syrian leader, according to a new Pew Research Center poll. And most of those surveyed want him to step down. It would appear that Assad’s predicted re-election will do little to improve his relations with others in the region.
The Syrian presidential election takes place in a divided, war-torn, depopulated country. The civil war that broke out in 2011 has claimed at least 150,000 lives. There are an estimated 5 million displaced persons within Syria, and an additional 900,000 refugees in Lebanon, 670,000 in Turkey, 600,000 in Jordan and 212,000 in Iraq. Large portions of Syria are controlled by forces opposed to the Assad regime, and Syrians residing in those regions will not participate in Tuesday’s vote. Read More →
A broad overhaul of the nation’s immigration laws has been debated and discussed among policy makers for a dozen years, but Congress has yet to pass a bill. Last month, several Hispanic advocacy leaders criticized the president for policies that have contributed to the more than three million immigrants deported since 2004. Yet now, some Latino leaders are wondering if immigration reform is perhaps “crowding out other issues facing the Latino community.”
Immigration reform “now occupies almost all the Latino policy agenda, sucking up, as one colleague recently put it, all the oxygen on Latino issues,” according to a recent commentary from Angelo Falcón, National Institute for Latino Policy president.
Indeed, when Pew Research Center has surveyed the Hispanic community, there are several issues that consistently rank higher on the list than immigration. In 2013, some 57% of Hispanic registered voters called education an “extremely important” issue facing the nation today. That’s compared with jobs and the economy (52%) and health care (43%). Just 32% said immigration. Read More →
As part of the Obama administration strategy to deal with the challenge of climate change, the Environmental Protection Agency plans to issue a new regulation today aimed at cutting emissions from the nation’s coal-fueled power plants. The move is likely to meet with political and industry opposition, but in general, the public favors the idea of stricter limits on power plants.
The new EPA rule will mandate cuts in carbon pollution by 30% by 2030 from levels that existed in 2005, according to the New York Times and other news reports. The Times called it “the strongest action ever taken” by the government to fight climate change.
President Obama decided to go the route of issuing a regulation because he has little chance of getting his climate change proposals past the Republican-controlled House.
Pakistan’s Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif called for “immediate action” Thursday over the stoning death of a pregnant 25-year-old woman in Lahore earlier this week. Farzana Parveen’s murder, carried out by her family members because she married a man without their consent, has shined a light on so-called “honor killing,” a practice in which relatives end the lives of women and men who are said to bring shame to the family.
Sharif called Parveen’s death “totally unacceptable,” but a Pew Research Center survey conducted in 2011 found that the Prime Minister’s position is unlikely to resonate with all Pakistanis.
Honor killings claim the lives of more than 1,000 Pakistani women every year, according to a Washington Post story citing a Pakistani organization that advocates against honor killings. In the last few years, honor killings in Pakistan have gained international attention, with cases ranging from women refusing to enter into an arranged marriage, seeking a divorce or having a pre- or extra-marital affair.