Pew Research Center survey reports, demographic studies and data-driven analysis
Russians Return to Religion, But Not to Church
The share of Russians who identified as Orthodox Christians more than doubled between 1991 and 2008, while the share not identifying with any religion dropped. But for most Russians, this return to religion did not correspond with a return to church.
Religious Hostilities Reach Six-Year High
Religious hostilities increased in every major region of the world except the Americas. The sharpest increase was in the Middle East and North Africa, a region still feeling the effects of the Arab Spring. And China edged into the “high” category for the first time.
Six-in-Ten Americans Believe in Evolution
While 60% of Americans believe in human evolution, a third reject the idea. Beliefs about evolution differ strongly by religious group and also vary by party affiliation, gender, age and education.
How Americans Celebrate Christmas and the Holidays
Nine-in-ten Americans say they celebrate Christmas, and three-quarters say they believe in the virgin birth of Jesus. But only about half see Christmas mostly as a religious holiday, while one-third view it as more of a cultural holiday.
Religious Groups’ Views on End-of-Life Issues
In these summaries, religious leaders, scholars and ethicists from 16 major American religious groups explain how their faith traditions’ teachings address physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia and other end-of-life questions.
To End Our Days
The Social, Legal and Political Dimensions of the End-of-Life Debate
Views on End-of-Life Medical Treatments
Most Americans say there are circumstances in which doctors and nurses should allow a patient to die, but a growing minority says medical professionals always should do everything possible to save a patient’s life.
Many Sunnis and Shias Worry About Religious Conflict
There are high levels of concern about sectarian tensions in several countries where Sunnis and Shias live side by side. These concerns are particularly pronounced in Lebanon, where two-thirds of all Muslims say sectarian tensions are a big problem.
A Portrait of Jewish Americans
American Jews overwhelmingly say they are proud to be Jewish and have a strong sense of belonging to the Jewish people, but their identity is also changing: 22% of American Jews now say they have no religion.
U.S. Catholics Give Pope Francis Favorable Ratings
Six months into his papacy, Pope Francis is rated favorably by 79% of U.S. Catholics. Just 4% say they have an unfavorable view of the pope, while 17% express no opinion or say they have not heard enough about Francis to have an opinion.