Pew Research Center survey reports, demographic studies and data-driven analysis
Restrictions on Women’s Religious Attire
Many countries have laws that ban or limit women from wearing religious attire in public places. By comparison, far fewer countries require women to wear particular types of attire for religious reasons.
The Gender Gap in Religion Around the World
History’s most influential religious leaders – among them Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Siddhartha Gautama – are usually male. Yet women today are generally more religious than men, particularly among Christians.
Israel’s Religiously Divided Society
There are deep divisions in Israeli society over political values and religion’s role in public life — not only between Jews and the Arab minority, but also among the religious subgroups that make up Israeli Jewry.
Republicans Prefer Blunt Talk About Islamic Extremism, Democrats Favor Caution
Half of Americans say the next president should be careful not to criticize Islam as a whole when speaking about Islamic extremists, while four-in-ten want the next president to speak bluntly about Islamic extremists even if the statements are critical of Islam as a whole.
Faith and the 2016 Campaign
GOP contender Donald Trump is not widely viewed as religious, even among Republicans. And the share of Americans who say Hillary Clinton is not a religious person has risen sharply since she first ran for president eight years ago.
U.S. Public Becoming Less Religious
There has been a modest drop in overall rates of belief in God and participation in religious practices. But religiously affiliated Americans are as observant as before.
Positive Impact of Pope Francis on Views of the Church
Pope Francis has generated goodwill toward the Catholic Church among many Americans across the political spectrum. Democrats and liberals are especially likely to say they now have a more positive view of the church.
U.S. Catholics Open to Non-Traditional Families
When Pope Francis arrives in the U.S., he will find a Catholic public that questions some key church teachings, according to a new survey on family life, sexuality and Catholic identity.
A Portrait of American Orthodox Jews
Compared with most other Jewish Americans, Orthodox Jews on average are younger, get married earlier and have bigger families. They also tend to be more religiously observant and more socially and politically conservative.
Gay Marriage Around the World
A growing number of governments around the world are considering whether to grant legal recognition to same-sex marriages. Nearly two dozen countries currently have national laws allowing gays and lesbians to marry, mostly in Europe and the Americas. In Mexico, some jurisdictions allow same-sex couples to wed, while others do not.